Tworzenie przeczeń w języku angielskim polega na dodaniu partykuły not do:
- czasownika głównego to be:
She is not here.
Mark was not aware of the fact.
- czasownika posiłkowego to be, to have, will:
We were not watching TV when you phoned.
I have not seen Rita for a long time.
That will not take long.
do w czasie Simple Present:
I do not know her.
My brother does not live here any longer.
did w czasie Simple past:
We did not go to the cinema last night.
She did not see you.
- czasowników modalnych:
You must not park here.
She cannot have been asleep.
W zdaniach potocznych, zwłaszcza w mowie, rzadziej na piśmie, stosujemy formy skrócone:
is + not = isn't He isn't French.
are + not = aren't They aren't at work.
was + not = wasn't Mia wasn't hungry.
were + not = weren't We weren't doing anything special.
have + not = haven't I haven't read this book yet.
has + not = hasn't Bridget hasn't got a car.
will + not = won't I won't do that!
do + not = don't We don't speak English.
did + not = didn't Susie didn't finish her school.
can + not = can't I can't swim.
could + not = couldn't Bob couldn't play the piano when he was 10.
must + not = mustn't You mustn't smoke here.
should + not = shouldn't I shouldn't have gone there.
would + not = wouldn't I wouldn't do that if I were you.
Nie istnieją formy skrócone od następujących czasowników:
am + not I'm not hungry.
may + not You may not have time to go there.
ought to + not You ought not to stay here.
Forma might not = mightn't istnieje, ale jest rzadko spotykana.
NO i NOT
Przeczenie czasownika tworzymy wyłącznie za pomocą NOT.
No możemy postawić tylko przed rzeczownikiem:
There are no chairs in this room. = There aren't any chairs in this room.
We have no sugar left. = We don't have any sugar left.
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